Grade 6 Social Studies

SS.6.3.a: Humans living together in settlements develop shared customs, beliefs, ideas, and languages that give identity to the group.

SS.6.4.b: Belief systems and religions are based on a set of mutually held values.

SS.6.4.b.1: Students will study the belief systems of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, and Confucianism by looking at where the belief system originated, when it originated, founder(s) if any, and the major tenets, practices, and sacred writings or holy texts for each. (Note: Although not within this historic period, students may also study Sikhism and other major belief systems at this point.)

SS.6.4.c: Belief systems and religions often are used to unify groups of people and may affect social order and gender roles.

Photography by Catherine Linder Spencer, Cofeld Judaic Museum, 2023


Grade 9 Social Studies

SS.9.2: BELIEF SYSTEMS: RISE AND IMPACT: The emergence and spread of belief systems influenced and shaped the development of cultures, as well as their traditions and identities. Important similarities and differences between these belief systems are found in their core beliefs, ethical codes, practices, and social relationships.

SS.9.2.a: Belief systems developed beliefs and practices to address questions of origin, the requirements to live a good life, and the nature of the afterlife.

SS.9.2.b.1: Students will examine similarities and differences across Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and Confucianism regarding their effect on social order and gender roles.

Photography by Catherine Linder Spencer, Cofeld Judaic Museum, 2023.

Grade 10 Social Studies

10.5 UNRESOLVED GLOBAL CONFLICT (1914–1945): World War I and World War II led to geopolitical changes, human and environmental devastation, and attempts to bring stability and peace. 

SS.10.5.e: Human atrocities and mass murders occurred in this time period.


Students will examine the atrocities against the Armenians, the Ukrainian Holodomor, and the Holocaust.

SS.10.10: HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS: Since the Holocaust, human rights violations have generated worldwide attention and concern. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights has provided a set of principles to guide efforts to protect threatened groups and has served as a lens by which historical occurrences of oppression can be evaluated.

SS.10.10.b: Governments, groups, and individuals have responded in various ways to the human atrocities committed in the 20th and 21st centuries.

SS.10.10.b.1: Students will explore multinational treaties and international court systems that bind countries to adhere to international human rights.

SS.10.10.b.2: Students will explore international organizations that work to maintain peace, stability, and economic prosperity, and to protect nations and people from oppressive governments and political violence.

Photograph by Jill Gutmann, Cofeld Judaic Museum


Grade 11 Social Studies

SS.11.8: WORLD WAR II (1935 – 1945): The participation of the United States in World War II was a transformative event for the nation and its role in the world.

SS.11.8.c: In response to World War II and the Holocaust, the United States played a major role in efforts to prevent such human suffering in the future.

SS.11.8.c.1: Students will investigate American officials' knowledge of the Holocaust, evaluating the degree to which intervention may have been possible.

SS.11.8.c.2: Students will examine the contributions of Supreme Court Justice Robert Jackson and his arguments made as Chief Prosecutor for the United States at the Nuremberg War Crimes trials.

Roblin Affidavit for Speier (refugee) family, 1939. Documentary collections, Cofeld Judaic Museum

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New York State Common Core Learning Standards